The Doberman, also known as the Doberman, is an elegant, muscular and powerful dog. With a compact and strong body, Dobermans have captured the hearts of many people for many years.

 However, due to the stigma that the breed suffers from, it was also one of the most feared dogs. Fortunately, more and more people are deciding to educate themselves to properly educate their dogs, which shows that Dobermans can be an excellent companion for life.

This breed of dog is also distinguished by its tremendous intelligence and sensitivity, which is why positive training is necessary to ensure their well-being and to form a strong bond between the dog and its caregiver.

 If you are considering adopting a Doberman, you have come to the right place, as in this 57 dog article we will tell you everything you need to know about Doberman characteristics.

What breeds make up a Doberman?

The origin of the Doberman is relatively recent. Friedrich Louis Dobermann, born January 2, 1834, and died June 9, 1894, was the originator of this dog and the reason why the breed was called Dobermann in German, translated by Dobermann. Doberman was a tax collector and also worked part-time as a kennel.

 Since he had to move to different places, some of which are not very safe, the Doberman decided to create a breed of dog that would be able to protect him and at the same time relate to people.

 It is not known for certain which breeds were involved in creating the Doberman, but it is believed that dogs known as "butcher dogs" were used, very similar to the Rottweiler. The Doberman is also known to be related to the Rottweiler and the Shepherd.

Initially, the breed was known as Doberman Pinscher, but over time the second word was no longer usable, so it is now known simply as Doberman. Once Frederick Louis Doberman started crossing dogs for the breed, he decided to set up his Doberman kennel in the 1970s...

 Due to its traits, the Doberman was very popular as a guard and protection dog. Likewise, it was extensively trained to serve as a police dog and to perform jobs in the military.

Currently, the breed has lost that popularity and it is no longer uncommon to see these dogs in teams of the armed forces. However, the Doberman is still a popular dog in civil society and retains the skills that once made him a sought-after dog in law enforcement.

How big does a Doberman get?

One of the most prominent features of the Doberman, which we notice as soon as we see it, is that it is an elegant dog. It is large, having a height at the withers of 68-72 cm in males and 63-68 cm in females. The weight ranges between 40-45 kg for males and 32-35 kg for females.

What are Dobermans like as pets?

He is an elegant and graceful dog, so he shouldn't give the impression of being bulky. Large nostrils. In black dogs, it should be black, while in brown dogs it should be lighter in color.

 The nose of the Doberman is well developed and deep, with a mouth opening that reaches almost to the molars. The scissors bite is very strong.

The eyes are medium in size and oval. It should be dark, but slightly lighter eyes are allowed in brown-haired dogs. The eyelids are well connected and the conjunctiva of the eye is not visible. In the past, Doberman's ears and tail were amputated when the dog was still a few months old puppies.

 Today this practice is banned in many countries because it is cruel and unnecessary. As well as these amputations seriously damage a dog's relationship to the environment and to other dogs, Doberman's full ears are medium in size and fall towards the cheeks so they do not stand straight.

The compact, muscular and strong body allows the dog to be able to make quick movements in a small space. This ability favors the work of dogs trained to attack and protect. The back is short and muscular like a loin. The chest is wide and deep. The legs are equal muscular and proportional to the rest of the body.

The tail is naturally long, raised and slightly curved, smooth, and ends in a point. As we mentioned earlier, amputation is forbidden.

Doberman dog colors

Doberman's hair is single-layered and is short and thick. Hair that is evenly distributed all over the body is smooth and close to the body. FCI-accepted colors are black and dark brown, both of which have clean, clear solid red markings. These marks usually appear on the eyebrows, nose, cheeks, throat, chest, feet, and thighs. 

Is a Doberman a good family dog?

The Doberman is one of the smartest dogs. He is distinguished by his being particularly friendly and peaceful, even though his serious appearance on many occasions may indicate otherwise. In general, the Doberman's temperament is mild and does not tend to be overly excitable, as can occur in other breeds.

Another wonderful characteristic of this breed is that they are a dog that is very dependent on their family, so they are not suitable if we spend most of the day outside or if we cannot provide them with the care they deserve.

 Despite being a friendly dog, the Doberman is somewhat distrustful of strangers, so it is advisable to share it properly socialized as a puppy.

 This mistrust does not make him a dangerous dog, but it does help make him a good watchdog. Of course, we must stress that neither this dog nor any dog should be adopted for the sole purpose of being left alone on the property to protect them, as they all need the companionship of their human companions.

This breed learns quickly and easily, so it is not difficult to train a Doberman dog. This breed's ability to train becomes apparent when you consider the various activities they have successfully occupied and occupied: tracking dogs, air traffic dogs, guard dogs, search and rescue dogs, therapy dogs, assistants, and many other occupations.

 However, the Doberman personality surprises us daily, because she is an excellent companion. He is a gentle, affectionate, sensitive, and very intelligent dog.

Are Dobermans high maintenance?

Although they need a lot of exercises, these dogs can adapt to living in an apartment if they are given long daily walks and games to help them burn off their energy. Despite this, they would be much better dogs if they had a garden where they could run and have fun. Many behavioral problems are mainly due to a lack of physical and mental exercise. 

That Doberman is not an "outer" dog. Meaning that it has a low tolerance for extreme cold, Doberman needs a suitable place to sleep and rest. If you sleep in the garden, you need a well-designed house, free from drafts. Dobermans are not recommended to sleep outside if the weather is cold.

On the other hand, not only will the physical stimulation of a Doberman dog be enough, but they will also need mental stimulation to help relieve stress and energy that may be accumulating on it. Various intelligence games will help us to work with him in this aspect.

It is very important to take care of the hair of the Doberman because although he regularly loses hair, a weekly brushing will be more than enough. Of course, during the hair loss seasons, which are usually in the spring and fall, we can increase the frequency to two or three times a week. As for the bath, it must be done when it is really necessary.

Do not forget that the Doberman is considered a potentially dangerous dog in various countries. Accustoming him to the muzzle at his younger stage will be essential so that he does not have problems in adulthood.

Doberman dog education

The Doberman is a very intelligent dog, so he needs education and training beyond the usual. It will be necessary to start with socialization, the process in which we teach our dog to interact with completely different people, animals, things, and environments.

 Socialization inhibits fear-related behaviors in its adult stage, which in the case of the Doberman dog can turn into reactive behaviors. Actively working on this process will be very important in the puppy stage, but we can also do this if we adopt an adult dog. To do so the other.

Also in his youth we will start working on the basic training commands and practice them in different situations, always using positive stimulation, such as prizes, caresses, or words of encouragement.

The use of punishment collars or punishment-based training methods can lead to serious behavioral problems in this very sensitive dog, so they should be avoided at all costs.

Dobermans should continue to practice obedience consistently and begin to experiment with the various active exercises and brainteasers that exist, as well as more advanced tricks.

Diversity in their education and training will foster positive and healthy attitudes. If we do not have the time to introduce this wonderful dog, perhaps we should consider another breed more in tune with our lifestyle.

Doberman health 

The Doberman is a generally healthy dog, but it may be prone to spinal problems, especially in the cervical region, gastric torsion, hip dysplasia, and heart problems. To ensure good health, it is best to visit a specialist every 6 months to monitor his health condition.

We strictly follow his vaccination schedule external monthly and internal quarterly. Likewise, it is important to take care of his diet to avoid gaining weight and to maintain proper hygiene of the eyes, teeth, and ears.

Good care will keep your Doberman dog healthy and happy for a long time. In this sense, Dobermans have a life expectancy of about 10-13 years.


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