Information about the St. Bernard-Dog breed of dog 57


 Saint Bernard dog breed

Saint Bernard (St. Bernardsshund, Bernardiner) is a breed native to the Swiss Alps and northern Italy. It is the most famous cattle dog and hails from the now extinct Alpine, Tibetan Mastiff, Newfoundland, and Great Dane. It is undoubtedly one of the most famous and popular molossuses, as its image is synonymous with loyalty, serenity, and courage. 

San Bernardo begins its history in Gran Monte de Sant Bernhard where some monks established a hospice for pilgrims and travelers. This breed began to be used as a watchdog in addition to performing other functions such as shooting. Soon the skills of this wonderful dog appeared and began to be a companion dog or rescue in the mist and snow for lost pilgrims. 

In this dog57 breed profile, we explain all about the Saint Bernard dog, also known as the Chien du Saint-Bernard or Saint Bernard Dog. Find out its history, character, characteristics, or patronage below:

What two breeds make a Saint Bernard? 

The history of the Saint Bernard dog begins at the "Great Saint Bernard Mountain", a pass between Switzerland and Italy more than 2,473 meters above sea level. A nursing home for travelers and pilgrims was established there in the eleventh century, the same place where large and powerful dogs began to be bred in the seventeenth century, to protect and guard the house. 

In the beginning, these dogs were guardians within the nursing home and protectors for the monks. However, in a short time, the monks became aware of their dogs' abilities to find missing people buried under avalanches. Therefore, they began to breed and train them to save people. 

The history of Saint Bernard has been documented since 1695 and in the hospice, and specifically in 1707, when records were written about dogs that managed to save the lives of those who were lost and who were believed to face the "white death". There are many stories explaining the exploits of the dynasty, however, it was the soldiers of Napoleon Bonaparte, circa 1800, who spread their fame throughout Europe. One of these dogs came to save so many lives that his embalmed body is currently on display in the National Museum in Bern. 

In 1887 the Saint Bernard dog was recognized as a Swiss breed and became the "National Swiss Dog". 

What is Saint Bernard known for? 

st. Bernard's dog is large, strong, muscular, and harmonious. There are two subspecies of this breed, the short-haired Saint Bernard and the long-haired Saint Bernard. Apart from the coat, they both have the same physical and psychological characteristics.

The head of this majestic dog is large and expressive. It is wide, strong, and has well-developed supraorbital arches. Frontal depression (stop) is very pronounced. The muzzle is uniformly wide and has a straight nose bridge. The nose should be black. The eyes of this large dog are medium in size and rather deep, and they have a friendly expression. Its color can range from dark brown to hazelnut. The ears are set high, wide, medium, triangular, hanging and with a rounded end. 

The body is strong, toned, and muscular. It is rectangular since its length is slightly greater than the height at the withers. The upper line is straight and represents a broad, strong, and firm back. The chest is rather deep and the wings retracted with difficulty. st. Bernard's tail has a broad, strong base. It should be long enough to reach the hock when hanging at rest. 

The type of coat depends on the type of short-haired or long-haired: 

Shorthair: They have dense inner wool and a dense outer coat, which is smooth and well attached to the body.

Longhairs have more abundant inner wool and a smooth outer coat of medium length. On the hip and croup, it can be somewhat wavy, and on the face and ears appear short hair. 

The color of both cultivars is white with reddish-brown spots. The reddish color can range from fairly large spots to forming a continuous mantle on the back and sides. Yellowish-brown spots and some traces of black on the body are also tolerated. The front of the head, the feet, the tip of the tail, the bridge of the nose, the front stripe, and the nape should be white. 

There is no ideal weight, but we find the height of the breed: 

Males: from 70 to 90 centimeters.

Females: from 65 to 80 centimeters. 

What is Saint Bernard known for?  

Saint Bernard is a very social, affectionate, and affectionate dog. Despite their large size, these gentle giants are usually quiet and not as playful as many other breeds. However, they are demanding constant companions and can be overly protective of their families. 

He is a patient, obedient and loyal dog, devoted to his relatives and especially kind. If left in the garden or left alone for long periods, they may develop aggressive behavior or behavioral problems associated with separation. 

Are Saint Bernard easy to take care of? 

It is a dog that will need to live in a very large apartment or house with a garden: it must have space to move around freely. Contrary to what we might think, it does not require a high level of exercise, although it is advisable to exercise in moderation and be active so as not to favor weight gain, a health issue that can seriously harm the breed. We will also spend time mentally stimulating you to respond more positively to training and any techniques we want to teach you. For this, we can use intelligence games, for example. 

A Saint Bernard's diet will be very important to consider, especially in the puppy stage as their bones and joints will support a lot more weight than other breeds. For this reason, we recommend looking for a specific feed for giant-sized dogs and continuing to follow an appropriate diet according to their specific needs. 

He will need daily brushing to keep his coat clean and tangle-free and the occasional bathing, which can be anywhere between one and three months. It will also be necessary to clean the remains of slime and dirt from the lips, remove the scales, and generally check for parasites, examine the ear canal, and clean the teeth. 

Finally, it should be noted that the cost of maintaining a Saint Bernard is high, not only because of the amount of food required but also because of the consequences of owning a large-sized dog, such as their personal belongings, the price of a hairdresser, or space. 

Are St Bernards hard to potty train? 

Saint Bernard is an intelligent dog that shows ease of training. A Saint Bernard puppy is generally easy to socialize, both with people and with other dogs and other pets. When well socialized, Saint Bernards are excellent companions for children and are known as "nanny dogs." It will also be important to start training them at an early age and familiarize them with basic dog commands. 

However, socialization should not be overlooked, these are very large and powerful animals. If they are mistreated or not given enough socialization, they can develop intimidating or aggressive behaviors, which can be a real danger given the size of these dogs. 

These dogs respond well to dog training when the trainer takes into account their abilities and capabilities. They are not as fast or agile dogs as Belgian Shepherds or Boxers, but they can learn many things and perform many tasks to the fullest. We remember that Saint Bernard is a dog that can also perform such tasks as rescue, in any case, all kinds of advanced training must be carried out by a professional. 


Are Saint Bernards hard to take care of? 

The Saint Bernard dog is prone to various health problems that must be kept in mind to prevent or detect them early. Here we explain the most common diseases of Saint Bernard: 

Heatstroke: It generally occurs in the summer, when the dog is not able to properly regulate the body temperature and can be caused by excessive heat, lack of water, intense exercise, etc. 

Overweight and Obesity: Saint Bernard is a dog that will easily gain weight if we neglect its rations. As a result, a significant increase in his weight will affect the bones and joints, weakening the dog and favoring other health problems. 

Hip dysplasia: It is a genetic disease of large or giant breeds and can also occur due to calcium deficiency. In addition, weight gain, hormonal changes, or intense physical exercise can improve its appearance. 

Elbow dysplasia: It has a genetic origin but can appear due to malnutrition. It consists of bone tissue that is altered and insufficiently developed, which causes osteoporosis. 

Dilated cardiomyopathy: consists of degeneration of the heart muscles due to contraction of muscle fibers, which gradually became thinner and in turn lead to thickening of the ventricular and atrial cavities. 

Oscillating Syndrome: This disease of the cervix causes neurologic deficits and deficiencies. 

Gastric torsion: Because of its shape, it is prone to this health problem, which if not treated urgently can be fatal. Although sprains cannot be prevented 100%, avoiding serving food before walking can be a good way to avoid it. 

Going to the vet every 6 or 12 months, following the schedule of vaccination, and deworming inside our dog both internally and externally would be some of the actions to be taken to avoid or detect any of these health problems. If we take good care of a Saint Bernard, we can enjoy a happy dog between 8 and 11 years. 


st. Bernard gained more popularity through the Beethoven movie starring a dog and his family .

The heaviest of this breed had a weight of 118 kg and a height of up to 90 cm.

Although Saint Bernard does not appear as PPP on the list in some official countries, it does meet some requirements. That's why we'll need a license, civil liability insurance, and to wear them bound and gagged in public.


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