Chow Chow dog


 Chow Chow is a dog with a striking appearance, a history covered in legends, and an amazing, completely unknown character.

At the dog57 dog breed registry, we'll show you what a Chow Chow looks like, talking about its origins, personality, and physical characteristics as well as its training and the most common illnesses it usually suffers from. You'll find all about the Chow Chow dog below:

short info

        Breed Name: Chow Chow
        Country of Origin: China
        Breed Origin Time: 1957
        Weight: males 25-32 kg, females 20-27 cm
        Height (height at withers): Males 48-56cm, Females 46-51cm
        Life span: 9-12 years

Chow Chow Characteristics

  The first thing that catches your eye is the unusual appearance of the animal. A lion's luxurious mane, slightly frowning expression on the muzzle, and purple tongue make the Chow Chow a unique dog.

    Behind the cute appearance of a huge plush toy lies an independent and sometimes stubborn personality. Chow Chow can be safely attributed to the Aristocrats of the canine world - they are proud and confident, their behavior is balanced and majestic.

    Chow-chow will give her dog only love and devotion to the owner, she will choose the "leader" on her own, and it will be impossible to convince her, which is why it is better to take a puppy home at an early age .

    Congenital stubbornness can be a serious problem in training. The owner must have sufficient experience in breeding dogs.

    Chow Chows are stingy in expressing their feelings, but at the same time, they are sensitive to the owner's condition and are always ready to help.

  Dogs of this breed are clean and therefore do not like to walk in a "non-flying" weather.
    Chow Chows are very intelligent, they have their own opinion about everything and are very reluctant to do what they consider optional for themselves.

    The manifestation of aggression towards strangers is observed only in the presence of a real threat. The reaction to other animals is usually neutral, but the owner must be prepared for possible sudden outbursts of hostility.

    Relationships with families are friendly, but pets will not agree to excessive emotion and familiarity.

    Chow Chow is very silent and will not disturb your neighbors on the balcony.
    Girls are usually more obedient, energetic, and curious, males are more suitable for show business.

Chow Chow is one of the oldest breeds in the world. A dog licking the edge of the night sky, a bear dog, a lion dog - what qualities did not reward the representatives of this breed with human imagination. Chow Chows appeared in China more than 2,000 years ago and were originally used as guard dogs, hunting dogs, and even fighting dogs. Now it is a companion dog that in the depths of its mysterious soul has preserved the best features of its distant ancestors.

History of Chow Chow

To date, there is no reliable information about when exactly the history of Zhao Zhao began. But the fact that it is several thousand years old is beyond doubt. According to some sources, as early as the third millennium BC. e. In the library of the palace of the Chinese emperors, there were records about this amazing dynasty, which, unfortunately, has not survived to this day.

One of the versions of the origin of the breed says that the first dogs of this type appeared in China as “gifts of peace” presented to the emperor by the Mongol invaders. The bear dog came to the Mongols as a booty of war during the skirmishes with the indigenous population of Siberia. Archaeological finds confirm that the ancestors of Zhao Zhao lived in this area.

The question of the genetic roots of representatives of the breed remains open to this day. Many experts tend to accept Chow Chow's ancestry version of arctic wolves. The modern legend is that the first dogs of this breed appeared as a result of a species cross between a husky and a polar bear that does not survive.

Once in China, Zhao Zhao was initially only the property of the courts of high-ranking nobles. But gradually the interest in animals faded away, dogs spread throughout the country, they can be found even in the homes of poor Chinese. Control of blood purity is lost. The situation was saved by the monks of the Buddhist monasteries of Tibet, Manchuria, and northern China, who carried out extensive selection work, and kept the proportions of blue and black food.

Europe met the dog "Bear" as an exotic animal from the distant Middle Kingdom. The first "villains" appeared here in 1780 and for nearly a hundred years have only been seen as exotic animals. The situation changed in 1865, when Queen Victoria, fascinated by the lavish miracle presented to her, showed an interest in the breed. In 1887, the British began breeding chow, and eight years later the breed standard was approved and the first chow club appeared in the ancient world.

The history of the Russian breed dates back to about eighty years when animals appeared in the Soviet Far East. Later, after 1945, some dogs were brought to the USSR from the eastern regions of Germany. A fairly stable population was formed by the 60s of the last century. It became possible to approach the international quality standards of the breed only after 1976 when purebred Chow Chows from recognized and well-known producers were brought to the Leningrad Kennel Club.

Why Chow Chow?

In addition to the versions of the origin, there are several options for interpreting the name of the breed.

      So, the word "Chow" in Chinese means "animal that can be eaten." And although Koreans are more likely to be addicted to the taste of dog meat, China has never despisised this dish.
      However, the same Chinese have the word "Kau" - "dog", which is very close in sound to the word "chow". The version is less bloodthirsty, and therefore more popular.
      Rich Chinese language gives us another explanation. The word "chow" means a dog of great strength and courage - these are the traits that distinguish real foodies.
      The European version denotes the English word "chow-chow" - this is the name of the special building on merchant ships that transports dogs of this breed across the ocean.

The appearance of chow chow

The Chow Chow is one of the most recognizable dog breeds in the world. Amazing coats and dark tongues have become the reasons for the enduring popularity of animals.

The height at the withers of a male is from 48 to 56 cm, for females - 46-51 cm.

An adult male weighs 25-32 kg, a female - 20-27 kg.

Chow Chow's skull is flat, wide, with good filling under the eyes. The stop is not pronounced.

Wide, medium length without "fox" point. The nose is broad and large, usually black. In fawn and almost white dogs, light color is allowed, and for cinnamon (cinnamon color) and blue chows, a natural shade of the lobe is allowed. The sky, lips (preferably, and gums) are black. The tongue is blue-black.

Oval, medium size. The pupil is well visible. Chow-chow of blue or cinnamon color may have eyes that match the color of the suit.

Thick, small in size, rounded at the ends. Set wide apart, erect, but slightly tilted towards the eyes, which gives the muzzle a frown.

Harmoniously curved and well set on the shoulders. Powerful, not short.

Straight, short, strong with a powerful loin.

Deep, well-developed with pronounced but not barrel-shaped ribs.

The tail of the Chow Chow is set high and lies on the back.

front legs
Straight, medium length. The backbone is strong.
hind legs
black show
black chow chow

Powerful, medium length. The angles of the hocks are minimal, which gives rise to a "stilted" gait characteristic only for this breed.
The paws of the Chow Chow are small, rounded, raised on the toes.

Long - very dense, straight and erect with a fairly coarse guard hair and a soft undercoat. It forms a characteristic “lion's” mane around the neck, long “trousers” are well defined on the back of the thighs. Intentional shortening of the hair that changes the appearance of the dog is never allowed.

Short (smooth) - very thick, has a plush structure. The hair is located perpendicular to the body.

Necessarily homogeneous pure colors - black, fawn, cinnamon, red, especially valuable - blue and white. Shades of the base color are allowed, but never spots.

Any deviation from the standard is a fault or a disqualifying feature, depending on the degree of its manifestation.

Chow Chow character

As far as the appearance of the Chow Chow is original, its character is just as non-standard (about dogs). People who know about the cup by the hearsay claim that this is an arrogant and heartless animal, and the owners of these unusual dogs speak with one voice about the kindness, devotion, and responsiveness of their pets.

The main character traits are independence, poise, and dignity. This dog will show even love for the owner with a special restraint, hiding endless devotion inside. Like all large dogs, the Chow Chow chooses the leader of the pack on its own. And it's not at all a fact that it will be the one who brought the puppy into the house. Other members of the household will also receive their share of favor and kindness, but the heart of the animal will belong only to the “leader” all his life.

Outward manifestations of love are very restrained. The dog whines almost inaudibly, lightly pokes its nose into the owner. The delight of communication can also give out a barely noticeable twitch of the tail.

Discontent usually manifests itself in a dull growl, which, depending on the degree of anxiety of the dog, has different shades.

All chow chow owners note an amazing, almost telepathic, ability to feel the mood of the owner if he is upset or unwell with something. But this dog will not understand and disapprove of excessive emotionality and irascibility.

If you have a child in your house, explain to him that this plush animal is not a toy at all and he will not endure pain and excessive pranks even from members of his flock. If the kid offends the animal, then he will never be able to find a common language with him.

The Chow Chow's attitude towards strangers is always wary and distrustful. The dog usually does not show aggression, but it will not accept unsolicited caresses from a stranger.

Relations with other animals cannot be called simple. Anushka will love the cat she grew up with, while the tailed one seen on the street will be pursued by her at every opportunity. There is usually no interest in oncoming dogs. If the first acquaintance nevertheless took place, then the decision made by the chow will never change - either it is an enemy, or a friend, or just an acquaintance, for whom it is enough to "just politely nod in response". Of the other dogs that are kept in your home, the Chow Chow will only tolerate a member of its own breed of the opposite sex.

Chow-chow does not celebrate the coward. In case of manifestation of aggression towards itself, the dog will without hesitation enter into a fight to the bitter end. Powerful jaws, large size, and thick hair that protects against bites are good arguments in any fight.

Chow will rush to protect the owner without hesitation, even if he was not trained in security work. He just loves you and is ready to give his life for it.

Education and Training

Outwardly, Chow Chows resemble a huge plush toy, they are distinguished by a very strong and even somewhat stray character.

It turns out that raising an obedient dog requires great patience and dedication.

The article How to raise a puppy may help you with that.

You should start raising a Chow Chow puppy at an early age. Nature has put into this tender, gentle mass the strength of will and integrity of character that only a true leader will obey. Moreover, your driver should be calm, confident, and not subject to the slightest doubt. An aggressive, hysterical person will never deal with this dog. Flirting and joking, you will also not achieve results. Having felt the weakness of the owner, the pet will replace the leader himself and it will be almost impossible to make changes to this hierarchy.

For successful breeding, it is essential that you communicate with the animal as soon as possible. Walk with him in public often so that the puppy gets used to the idea that there are many other people around. This will gradually get rid of the innate hatred of strangers. Zhao Zhao is very jealous of the sanctity of their home. The situation when guests come into the house who allow themselves (according to the puppy) to move uncontrollably around his territory can cause stress for the dog and subsequent aggressive reaction, so you should try as soon as possible to teach the child to be calm from new faces, smells and sounds.

A big advantage in breeding Chow Chows is their innate cleanliness. The puppy quickly understands where you can go in the toilet, and learns to tolerate it from walk to walk. But do not abuse this ability - after sleep and every feeding of the dog should be taken outside.

So check out the article on toilet training your dog

Training Zhao Zhao at home seemed to be a huge problem. A representative of this breed simply will not follow orders that he considers incomprehensible or stupid. If you do not have enough time or at least experience the slightest doubt in your abilities, it is better not to get involved in work. Immediately put your pet in the hands of an experienced trainer, otherwise it will be very difficult to correct the consequences of training.

Experts note that the implementation of a simple command is carried out in the cup in several stages. First, the dog will assess the appropriateness of the command in this case, then decide how determined you are to carry it out, and only realizing that your willpower cannot be broken, will it perform the required actions. If you leave the slack, the cup will continue to do what you want it to. The situation becomes more complicated with the execution of service orders, especially for endurance. Well, the animal does not understand why it remains in the same position for so long. And if he doesn't understand, he won't.

The main difficulties in training a Chow Chow are encountered when working with males. Girls are more accommodating, obedient and sociable, they do not strip for leadership in the group like the representatives of the stronger sex.

You may also be interested in Dog care tips and tricks

Care and maintenance

City apartment conditions are well suited for keeping Chow Chow. This dog has a balanced and calm character and being a loner, he will not shout, disturb neighbors or spoil furniture. And the cup is amazingly clean, which all owners note with special pride.

Due to the special structure, the coat of dogs of this breed practically does not get dirty, and when it is polluted, it perfectly cleans itself, so experts do not recommend bathing a pet more than 2-3 times a year. Of course, before entering the exhibition arena, this procedure is indispensable.

Contrary to popular belief, you should not brush your dog every day when he is not shedding. This procedure is enough to perform once a week with a rare comb. The Chow Chow's coat is not prone to tangles. The exceptions are the armpits and places behind the ears. These areas need to be closely monitored. During the shedding period, the undercoat remains on the coat and is well removed when combing, which nowadays requires a systematic approach.

Breed experts note that a richer, longer, and thicker coat is characteristic of males. The Chow Chow, which spends a lot of time on the street or is kept in a specially equipped birdcage, looks much more luxurious. This applies to adult dogs. In puppies up to six months of age, the body is covered with fluff, which quickly falls off, gets wet, and dries very poorly. The condition of the child's coat should be taken care of carefully and try not to bathe until the first adult sheds.

The procedures associated with cleaning a dog's ears and teeth are no different. But usually, there is no need to cut the claws - due to the structure of the paws, they grind well on the ground. The nails on dewclaws require increased attention, especially in winter. The dog's eyes need daily care - they need to be wiped with a cotton swab dipped in a special solution.

For Chow Chow feeding, the use of premium dry foods with low fat and protein content would be optimal. It can be a mixture for animals prone to allergies or any other food combination. Even three-month-old babies can be turned into a menu for adult dogs because puppy food is usually saturated with fat, which is not very good for food.

If you cook your food for your pet, you need to make sure that the diet does not contain a lot of fats and carbohydrates. Sea fish and its meat are preferred raw, and cabbage, lettuce, and other leafy crops will bring the most benefit from vegetables. Grains are not welcome except for buckwheat and rice in very small quantities. The tubular bones of birds should be completely excluded. The introduction of a small amount of vegetable oil into the diet contributes to the improvement of the quality of the coat.

As for the diet, it must be remembered that it is better not to feed chow, and the possibility of a constant “snack” between meals should be excluded. In any case, the feeding of dogs of this breed must be carefully monitored. Chow chow is prone to allergic reactions, and any imbalance in the diet, especially an excess of carbohydrates, can lead to undesirable consequences.

Chow Chow dogs are not seen running long distances or hiking long distances. It is better to leave the child off the chain so that he can regulate his physical activity.

Responsibly approach the choice of a collar for your pet. The usual will not work - the hair is erased from it and the appearance of the dog noticeably suffers. The best option is a narrow leather or fabric collar or a special belt.

A dog that is well-groomed and healthy is the best recommendation for you as a skilled and experienced owner!

The Complete Guide to Raw Dog Food + 5 Recipes - Raw Dog Food Recipe Guide will help you with that


Chow Chows are healthy dogs. However, many hereditary diseases are most common in representatives of this breed. These include atopic dermatitis, hereditary myopathy, and inversion of the eyelid.

Hereditary myopathy is manifested by a decrease in muscle tone, a violation of the ability of muscles to contract, and their atrophy. The danger of the disease lies in the fact that it affects all skeletal muscles. The disease manifests itself in inactivity - the animal wakes up vigorously, movements are restricted, and during walking the dog may fall and not immediately rise, and the hind legs begin to move in "bunny jumps". Often, such problems begin to appear at low air temperatures. If any of these symptoms appear, you should contact your vet immediately. The dog must be kept warm. The disease is dangerous as it can lead to serious complications and even death of the animal.

Atopic dermatitis refers to allergic diseases of a genetic nature. It is accompanied by severe itching and changes in the skin similar to eczema. The main symptoms are almost continuous scratching and licking of the thighs, armpits, and fingers. According to statistics, it occurs in approximately 15% of Chow Chow dogs (females are more likely to get sick). Running dermatitis can cause otitis media. For more effective treatment, the allergen should be identified clinically or by exclusion.

Inversion of the eyelid is manifested in the pathological location of the latter, due to which the eyelashes turn towards the eyeball. The constant friction of eyelash hairs on the cornea of ​​the eye not only leads to constant irritation of the eye, resulting in profuse tearing and purulent secretions, but can lead to ulcerative keratitis, corneal perforation, and even blindness. Treatment is usually surgical, although in puppies it may be enough to turn the edge of the eyelid and secure it with some stitches.

Like most large dogs, Chow Chows are not immune to hip dysplasia. Such a defect can be located at the gene level and is manifested in a predisposition to partial dislocation of this joint. If your cup begins to limp on its hind legs and sways when walking, an X-ray is urgently needed, as clinical tests do not reveal the disease. The sick animal must be limited in movement and protected from stress. Depending on the stage of the disease, various medical and therapeutic methods are used, or surgical intervention is resorted to.

A guarantee against the occurrence of other diseases of dogs can be timely vaccination, control of the nutrition balance, the use of vitamin preparations.

How to choose a puppy

To solve the problem of choosing a puppy, you need to find the answer to some questions.

    Who do you want to see by your side - a champion dog, a winner of many exhibitions, or just a pet? A Chow Chow puppy you adopt as a hobby may have deviations from the breed standard (spotted tongue, floppy ears) and even more serious signs of exclusion (narrow chest, underbite, incorrect bite, incorrect tail set). Most often, all of the above has nothing to do with the state of health, but simply a deviation from the outside and perfectly acceptable exclusively for “pets”. Choosing a show puppy is more complicated. In this case, it is better to resort to the help of a specialist or take into account the recommendations of the breeder. It is important to know that it is better to choose a dog of the show category at the age of about 12 weeks when the features of the “pedigree” are most clearly manifested.

    girl or boy? Males are more suitable for participation in exhibitions - they have fewer deviations from the breed standard, look more impressive and solid. A girl chow is a great choice as a companion dog. She is more tender, gentle, and sensitive than the male. The attachment to the owner and his family members in the bitch is more straightforward. The negative side of the content is the problems associated with the physiology of the animal.

    At what age is it better to carry a child? For a show business, it is best to take a puppy that has grown up to about six months old. At this age, the risks of making mistakes in assessments and predictions for the success of the exhibition career are minimized. You can buy Chow Chow for home at a young age. If there are small children in your house who will undoubtedly see an incredibly interesting game in a dog, then wait until the puppy is 4-5 months old - it will always be easier for him to adapt to unintentional behavior. Young family members.

    Chow with long or fine hair? Both and the others are completely equal in terms of authentic qualifications and enter the ring with completely equal rights. Headlines are easy to care for - they have much less hair and do not need daily combing. Many note the more social nature of the soft-coated Chow Chow class.

    Where do you take a puppy? The answer is obvious - only in a specialized dropper or from a breeder with a good, time-tested reputation.

What to look for when choosing a Puppy?

     The color of the coat on the muzzle, paws, and under the eyes. This is the color your Chow Chow will have when it grows up.
     A six-week-old puppy has milk teeth. The mouth, including the palate and tongue, should be blue-black, the tail held high, and the ears fully or partially raised.

     Observe the animal, determine its temperament. Cowardly aggressive puppies should be culled by you immediately.
     Assess the condition of the baby's eyes: are there any purulent discharges or signs of active lacrimation. Examine the eyelids - one of the typical diseases of the Chow Chow, entropy (eyelid torsion), can appear as early as puppyhood.


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