Newfoundland Dog Breed - Facts and Traits


 The Newfoundland dog is known as the "gentle giant" and is one of the largest and most affectionate of all dogs. Although there are many myths surrounding the breed, in dog57 we will explain its true history and many other details you should know if you are considering adopting this wonderful breeder dog, such as his personality, physical characteristics, or the care he needs.

Find out at dog57 all about the Newfoundland dog:

How long do Newfoundland dogs typically live?

Breed name: Newfoundland

Country of Origin: Canada

Weight: male ~ 68 kg, female ~ 54 kg

Height (height at the shoulders): Male 71cm, Female 66cm

Age: 9-11 years old

What is the origin of the Newfoundland dog breed?

The origin of the Newfoundland dog is located on the island of Newfoundland in Canada, known in Spanish as "Newfoundland Island". The breed is believed to have originated from the dogs indigenous to the island and from dogs imported by the ancient Vikings, such as the "black bear dog", from the 1100s.

Later, in 1610 and during the colonization of the island, new breeds of dogs arrived in Newfoundland, mainly from the hands of European hunters. Since then, although Newfoundland already has standardizing characteristics, experiments began with new crosses culminating in the formation and re-creation of the breed, giving way to the modern Newfoundland, as we know it today.

The Newfoundland dog, thanks to its characteristics, was able to withstand the harsh island climate, work in the sea, pull large loads (nets, twine, sleds), or work as a rescue dog. Today, Newfoundland is still an excellent rescue dog and is considered one of the most beautiful and hardworking breeds in history.

What are the characteristics of a Newfoundland dog?

The Newfoundland is a giant, strong and huge dog. It is longer than it is tall (oblong body shape), but compact in the body. The upper line is straight from the withers to the croup, has a wide back, a strong glute, and an inclined set. The chest is broad, deep, and broad, and the abdomen is not folded. The tail is long and should not bend on the back or bend between the hind legs. The fingers have a membrane between the fingers.

The head of this dog is huge and wide and has a well-developed nape. The decrease or cessation of the nasal fronts is well marked, but not as abrupt as in St. Bernard's. The nose is brown in dogs brown and black in other colors. The muzzle is square and somewhat short. The eyes are moderately deep, well separated, and without a third eyelid. The ears are small and triangular with rounded edges.

Newfoundland double layer coat. The coat is dense and soft. The outer shell is long and smooth except for the head, ears and muzzle, which are shorter. It can be black or black and white or brown. The International Film Federation (FCI) recognizes a very similar breed called the Black and White Landseer. Other organizations do not recognize the breed and consider Landseers to be simply black and white Newfoundland dogs.

The approximate measurements and weight of a Newfoundland dog are:

Males: Height at the withers is 71 centimeters and weighs 68 kilograms
Females: Height at the shoulders 66 cm and weight 54 kg

Are Newfoundlands good family dogs?

A distinctive feature of the breed is its passion for water. Newfoundlands are capable of long diving and swimming, they are unsurpassed drowning lifeguards.

Newfoundlands have a high level of socialization and true heroism. Many animals serve in the police service and military units as guides.

Dogs are very friendly, they enjoy communicating with people, including strangers.
With adult family, Newfoundlands behave equally. Young children are handled with care and protection and patiently tolerate annoying harassment.

They are related to other family pets: from parrots to cats. They are not exposed to aggression towards foreign animals and try to establish friendly relations.

Newfoundland's generosity will not allow him to be a guard dog, and he does not have an innate aggressive reaction to strangers, he needs time to assess the situation. However, these dogs sense danger to family members and homes, repelling the enemy with lightning speed.

They have high intelligence, excellent memory, surprisingly fast intelligence, they know how to predict the wishes of the owner.

Representatives of the breed are polite and sensitive, but they absolutely cannot stand criticism about themselves, they do not tolerate and rude shout orders. Physical punishment of these dogs is unacceptable, and resentment will leave an indelible mark in their memory.

Newfoundlands have a measured lifestyle, they are not very mobile, so their activity should be stimulated. The best way is to give them a chance to swim and play in the water.
They need regular care for their thick, luxurious coat.

It adapts to life in city apartments, but the area of ​​\u200b\u200bthe room should be larger than average. The ideal condition for maintaining Newfoundland is a country house near a pond.

Are Newfoundlands high maintenance?

Maintaining a Newfoundland coat requires moderate effort year-round, although daily brushing is necessary. However, in the two annual hair loss seasons, it may require more effort, because a lot of hair is lost. Bath can be done about every two months.

Newfoundland isn't particularly active, but it's important to get moderate exercise so you don't become obese. It is recommended to walk three times a day and regularly look for parks or woods where you can play games and activities with him.

 There is no doubt that the best place for Newfoundland is a place that has a beach or a large lake. If we don't spend time with the Newfoundland due to their calm nature, we can notice the dog's frustration and a noticeable increase in excess weight.

It is important to note that this dog will need large amounts of food throughout its life. Remember that it weighs between 54 and 68 kilograms, so we will need about 500 grams of feed per day, depending on the food or the exact weight of the dog.

Let's not forget that Newfoundlands tend to drool a lot and when they drink water they wet everything so they are not the best dogs for very elegant people. It is recommended to keep it in large houses, with a garden, so that the dog can go in and out, and exercise at the same time.

Are Newfoundland dogs easy to train?

The Newfoundland is a very intelligent dog and although not particularly well suited to working on canine skills, the truth is that they are an excellent water rescue dog, and are the most popular. He loves to swim which is why it is a breed that is widely used as a water rescue dog, especially in colder waters where other dog breeds are more at risk of hypothermia. It responds well to positive dog training, as long as the owner is aware of the limits and virtues of the breed.

Although they are a particularly social breed, the truth is that it will be very important to separate the Newfoundland Hound from his mother and siblings at the correct age and we will spend time socializing with the puppy once they are adopted. Also in adulthood, we will continue to communicate with other animals, humans, and children. Keeping them leashed and isolated for a long time, with no opportunity for socializing, breeds aggressive dogs.

On the other hand, it is very important to point out that they need frequent companionship and can develop destructive habits and even breakup-related disorders when they are isolated for long periods. This type of behavior is common in dogs who are permanent residents in the garden.

This dog is not usually aggressive, but it can act with great determination and ferocity when it has to defend itself from any attack. Due to its impressive size, it is a good deterrent dog, which makes it a good watchdog, although generally quite harmless.

What are the diseases of the Newfoundland dog?

As with all breeds, Newfoundlanders are prone to some genetic diseases which we will explain below. It is important to emphasize that the chances that some sufferers are mainly due to bad practices by some breeders, such as the breeding of direct relatives, but we can also find ourselves with some genetic diseases that were not shown in the parents. . The most common diseases are:

hip joint deformities
Elbow dysplasia
gastric torsion
pulmonary stenosis
Aortic stenosis
von Willebrand disease

To ensure the health of our Newfoundland dog, it will be necessary to go to the vet every 6 months and follow the vaccination schedule set by the vet. In addition, attention should also be paid to deworming internally and externally, with proper regularity, especially in the summer.

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