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Socialization of dogs - dog 57

 The socialization of a dog is its interaction with the outside world. It is such a pleasure to watch a four-legged pet that proudly walks close to its owner and does not pay attention to anyone or anything. Such a dog will be quite appropriate when meeting completely unfamiliar to her from everyday life. That is, a properly socialized dog does not cause trouble to its owner, he is not impatient.

Keep reading the article on dog57 and find out how to make your dog obedient by socializing with it.





In short, socialization is raising a dog, teaching him confidence, certain rules of behavior in an environment unusual for him. Such an animal listens to its owner without a doubt, respects everyone who lives with it, does not bark without reason, will not growl, and guards its property - a bowl.

Why socialize with a dog?

Fashion for dogs does not pass. But now they live with their owners not only in apartments but also in cottages. There they have the freedom and space where they can run and play freely. But this freedom is limited, so it spoils them. After all, if they feel comfortable and comfortable in the familiar area of ​​the courtyard, then out of the usual environment they will become insecure and afraid, which will encourage them to behave inappropriately.

The same thing happens with pets that live in apartments, especially small breeds. Those, to walk more often, are acccustomed to the cat tray. As a result, the dog is rarely outside and therefore runs in the wild. Thus, when storming the street, she gets lost, often gets under the wheels of a car, barks furiously, and is bitten by relatives. Socialization, oddly enough, is beneficial to the dog owner and his pet:

    The owner can safely go with him for a walk around the city or on a trip, chat with friends and not worry about his insufficient reaction to unusual noises and meet new people;

    allow you to have a quiet four-legged pupil that does not cause much trouble;

    Gaining an experienced and emotionally stable friend will think before taking this or that action.





education stages

Teaching a dog to be in harmony with the outside world is not an easy task. But not everything is so scary. The main thing is to do it on time. The best thing is to socialize the dog for up to a year. If time is lost, it will be difficult to teach her to perceive normally unless it is included in her concept, and this of course will create many obstacles.

social dog breeding

The life span of any dog ​​is conventionally divided into 8 stages:

    the first three weeks, when it is already possible to socialize - puppies begin to see, listen, stand and gradually gain concepts about the world around them;

    3-4 weeks (continuation of initial socialization) - the puppies are trying to get to know their surroundings. They crawl away from their mother, playful, acquire behavioral skills;

    1-4 months (the second period of socialization) - dogs become quite independent, they are friendly, affectionate, very curious, and do not know such a thing as “stranger”;

    4-6 months - their independence will become greater, individual character traits appear;

    six months to a year (the last stage of puppy socialization) - the little dog is growing up, and she is already able to divide everyone into “friends” and “strangers”, assessing the level of danger;

    1-3 years - the dog is mentally and physiologically formed;

    3-8 years - adulthood, the core of the pet is determined, everything that can be accepted is known;

    8 to 12 years old - dogs of old age, no longer very active, they can sleep poorly, see, hear, suffer poor health.




Types of socialization

You see, when your dog is 3-4 weeks to a month old, it's time to teach him.

The quality of the socialization of a quadruped friend with a person is subject to the frequency of their contacts. When it is rare, cowardice may appear in the future, and therefore simply ashamed of people. But you don't need to teach your pet to be devoted to everyone you meet. So he should treat only you and everyone who lives with you. But for strangers, it is necessary to teach him to calmly perceive them. In general, when raising a dog, one must explain to her that under certain rules she is provided with a quiet life.

When selecting your dog to be a guard, you need to know exactly what skills you may need from him. If it was in self-defense, then you would go in a critical condition to detention, but otherwise, you would not pose a danger to others.

An urban companion dog usually has enough obedience training. But if she has to guard a house or something, some offensive and defensive skills will not conflict with her. In our difficult existence, guard dogs also have a place. Such pets do not need socialization, or rather, necessary, but only in connection with mutual understanding with the owner or (at his request) with a certain circle of people.

It is necessary to carry out the socialization of puppies about their type. When your pet shows cowardice in front of other dogs, never try to save him from this communication. Thus, this problem is not resolved. On the contrary, let him understand everything, and be sure that he will not be harmed by such mischief (of course, if the dogs are not aggressive). Make sure his games are with dogs friendly. The more time your pet spends with these things, the more effective they will be.

If desired, you can teach your pet to communicate with other animals to ensure that he treats them neutrally. As in other cases, the success of such a case is due to the perseverance and constancy of such contacts. In general, the faster a dog makes friends with other animals, the more confident they are in their calmness.




adaptation process

How to socialize a dog so that it does not cause problems? Perhaps it should be once again that it is advisable not to miss the optimal age of the puppy. It is quite clear that the sooner he becomes acquainted with an environment that is unusual for him, the higher the chances of him forming a calm and balanced behavior.

It is important not only to keep the so-called hutch dog in a cage or the yard but also to try to walk with him in crowded places, fairs and travel with him on public transport. If at the same time the animal shows anxiety, you should not go back or go to an abandoned place, it is better to calm down and calm down gently, and then continue walking again. It is good if you have a favorite hobby for the puppy or something tasty to reward him for good behavior.

In the same way, four-legged pets of any breed living in an apartment are social animals.

As already noted, the dog must be taught to command from childhood:

    while she is small, she must be taken out into the street and thus get used to the noise;

    When he grows up a little, with the puppy you can take a car, public transport, walk along the street with him, walk in a park or square while walking routes will have to be changed often;

    Regularly, if necessary, visit a veterinary clinic and a dog hairdresser so that he gets used to it;

    If the pupil shows his anxiety, he should be calmed with calm words, a racket,

    to please your favorite relationship, in case of aggression - to withdraw, but it is not recommended to raise your voice at the same time;

    the pet should not be disturbed by runners, cyclists in the alleys of parks, children laughing out loud;

    Without fail, you should go with him to "dog places" - to walking grounds, fairs, etc .;

    It would be great to attend socialization classes.

In general, this case should not be considered a secondary thing. You don't have to try to impress your pet all at once. You can not beat him, but on the contrary, shake the imagination. But don't be too careful about that either. Watch your pet. Only put him in situations where he can successfully get out. Walking with him should end in a good mood. Only in this way you can count on success, on the obedience of your pupil.



adult dog obedience

Dogs often come to us as adults. With such a pet, of course, some difficulties may arise, because this is a dog with already well-established habits, and therefore it will not be easy for him to impose his own rules.

But you should not be afraid of this. It is necessary to show endurance and patience, which will eventually be paid for by the love of your four-legged pet. Let's figure out how to form social relationships with an adult dog.

When an adult dog appears in your house, when meeting it, you should show friendliness and calm, not paying attention to whether it is a hybrid or a purebred, small or large.

Watch how she realizes you. If they are friendly, with no aggression and anger - it's time to make contact. Do not allow yourself to immediately approach an unfamiliar dog. Wait for him to come alone.

Sit down, talk to him gently. If he shakes his tail, then you can carefully hold, but not the head, but you can knit the neck from below under the jaw.

In general, each animal is distinguished by its peculiar behavior, but certain features are characteristic of all. Therefore, any cowardly dog ​​in a meeting clings to the ground, ears, and tail between its legs, moaning, ready to run away at any moment. Naturally, she does not adapt well, she is afraid of sharp sounds, strangers, and objects.

There are cowardly, aggressive specimens that have all the listed features, but sometimes they bark loudly, trying to pounce on the thing they are afraid of. If they have panic fear, they will not hear orders, commands, or requests.

When a dog appears aggressive with a dominant trait, it can attack unexpectedly, bite a stranger for no reason, or rush into a fight with other animals. Therefore, it is impossible to take care of him, get used to the request because she will not accept the requests and desires of the owner. Even an experienced dog handler will not always help here. It is better not to own such a pet.

A mentally healthy dog is an entirely different behaviour. She is not afraid of people, when she is curious, she can come to sniff, and she will not refuse if you caress her. Having adopted an adult dog, immediately demonstrate your superiority by defining the order of relationships, which must be strictly followed.



We train a puppy

As mentioned earlier, it is easiest to train a small dog. Therefore, if you need to decide how to make friends with a puppy, then there will be no particular problems. Here you should show restraint, no free time, and patience.

First of all, it is necessary to teach the pupil to calmly interact with strangers. Dogs are not immediately angry, stupid, aggressive, etc. They are what their owners have made, and they do not want to work with them because of their work or their indifference. Small dogs differ slightly in their behavior, and due to the influence of their owners, they grow differently. Therefore, the first thing to do is to teach the pet to follow the simplest commands, to treat people calmly, and not to respond to their backlog. And, of course, love him, never allow himself to be cruel to him - such a dog would grow up cowardly and unjustly. There will be no meaning from it.

Build confidence in your pet and communicate with dogs or other animals.

It is important to teach her hygiene from an early age. You should calmly respond to all actions. Be sure to teach the puppy not to react to all kinds of stimuli, such as a working vacuum cleaner, a drill, a car signal, and more. You should not be afraid of them. This happened, distract the pet, talk to him, calm him down. When you are calm, he will not worry either, but over time he will get used to these sounds and will not even notice them.

Socialization lessons with the puppy should be short and interesting, otherwise, he will get bored and will have to start over. Small dogs are so arranged that they cannot focus on the same thing for a long time.

Summing up all of the above, I would like to note that the socialization of a dog is a mandatory and important period in his life. They should not be neglected. After all, in this way you can achieve courage and endurance, get rid of unwanted habits, adapt to life, and feel happy in it.

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